The woodchuck is just one of those 25 or more species of rodents living in the Natural State.
Among them are eight kinds of mice, from the Texas Mouse into the White-footed Mouse, and four rat species, not counting the Muskrat. From a pest control perspective, i.e. the species that most frequently invade our homes, there are only two to be concerned about in Fort Smith: R. rattus, the Black Rat, and M. musculus, the House Mouse. A third species, the Norway Rat (R. norvegicus), is occasionally found in homes, but are more often confined to barns and similar structures or into the wild.
Mice and rats can cause substantial health problems even if their existence isn’t noticeable.
The rodents may also cause or worsen structural damage from burrowing and gnawing wood in a building’s entrance points for wires and pipes. Once rodents have made your house their home, however, the issue becomes much bigger than just how and where they get indoors.
There’ll be tracks in dusty places, signs of gnawing on wood and stored materials, and fecal droppings. Mouse feces are approximately 1/4 inch in length, and rat droppings are often as much as 3/4 inch long and 1/4 inch in diameter. You could also find a rat or mouse; mice are usually brown or gray with white underbellies while rats tend to be dark gray or black with gray or white underbellies. Rats are much larger and have tails as long as their bodies.
Pest management professionals are trained to take a three-part approach to removing rodent infestations. Step one would be to improve sanitation in the vicinity of the rodents’ newfound habitat. Cluttered and dirty areas are favorite spots for rodents, since they don’t need open water resources and can survive off the moisture from the food they consume. Scraps and crumbs of food decrease the efficacy of baits and traps, and jumble hides signs of movement.
Once sanitation is addressed, the next step is to remove entry points. Pest management professionals are also suited to this step since they are for the next step (people control with fleas, pesticides, etc.) since there are almost numerous ways for rodents to find their way into houses. Mice can fit into holes no larger than a dime, and rats can burrow their way into a house even if there are not any visible means for entrance. Both may come in through the floor, through the roof, and anywhere in between. It’s a fantastic idea to consult a professional if it’s only to be sure every potential entry point was mended, filled, covered, etc..
There are nearly as many ways to kill invading rodents because there are methods for rodents to get in your dwelling. Again, this last step in ridding a construction of rats and mice is best left to professionals. Traps, poisons, and glue boards are available at several shops, but a pest control technician will understand the best – and safest – places to put these deterrents to maximize their efficiency. They’ll also know which methods aren’t solely schemes that prey on people’s fears of infestation.
If you see signs of rodents in your home, it’s vital to act quickly. Mice can replicate up to 13 times per year with four to six offspring per litter. Rats reproduce no more than six times annually, but they might have up to 12 offspring in each litter. They can quickly take over your house, eat your meals, and frighten off your friends. And they – ever – cover rent.